cause of depression

What Causes Depression? – Learn The Basics

As an introduction,this article briefly discusses basics of depression, its possible causes, symptoms, a few types of depression and some helpful treatment tips and advice

A Timely Question

What Causes Depression? This is not a question anyone will normally ask unless you or someone you know or love is faced with a situation like this.

Depression pronounced “/dɪˈpreʃ(ə)n/” means depression. Some call it a mood disorder, others say it is a clinical (mental health) condition, one thing for sure is that it causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest which affects how you feel, think and behave and can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems.

depression should be taken seriously

The WHO report on World Health Day confirms that globally, more than 264 million people of all ages suffer from this condition. The most shocking thing in that report was that about 800,000 die of this condition and it affects mostly teenagers of about 15 – 29 years.

Contributory Causes Of Depression

Depression results from a complex interaction of social, psychological and biological factors. People who have gone through adverse life events (unemployment, bereavement, psychological trauma) are more likely to develop depression. This condition can, in turn, lead to more stress and dysfunction and worsen the affected person’s life situation and depression itself.

There are interrelationships between depression and physical health. For example, cardiovascular disease can lead to depression and vice versa.

Types Of Depression

  • Major Depression

Major depression is also known as Major Depressive Disorder. This depression consists of things like a change in the mood of the person, less interest in daily activity. It affects every aspect of human life, like work, behavior, social relations. Symptoms of major depression are experienced for up to 2 weeks or more. 

  • Melancholia

In this type of depression, there are physical changes in the human being, such as a person moving very slowly. Also, the mind remains depressed, and the person feels as if everything has been lost. 

  • Antenatal and Postnatal Depression

What causes depression here might be hormonal, anxiety among many others but whatever the cause, one thing that is true is that women are more prone to go into depression during pregnancy. It can also happen that a woman goes into depression after childbirth. It is also called postpartum depression.

  • Bipolar Disorder: 

Bipolar disorder is also known as manic depression. In such a depression, the person gets angry quickly, and the mood also suddenly becomes pleasant and sometimes calm down.

  • Seasonal Affective Disorder:

What Causes Depression in this type of depression varies and it occurs seasonally.

Identifying Symptoms of Depression

symptoms of depression

It is essential to understand its symptoms and signs. This is true because you need to know what the problem is before you can start the process of looking for a solution or in this case ask for help at the right time that before things turn out for worse. Here are a few of the symptoms of depression:

  • Not sleeping properly
  • Less hungry
  • loss of Conviction
  • Be sad all the time
  • Loss of confidence
  • Feeling tired and lethargy
  • Stimulation or physical anxiety
  • Drug abuse
  • Decreased concentration
  • The idea of ​​self-destruction
  • Not interested in anything

One fact we must all remember is that depression is never one of a kind. It has varying symptoms depending on the case and situation and these symptoms become visible gradually.

To some warning signs might be sudden feelings of withdrawal, instead of going out with friends. That one starts sitting alone at home trying to comfort himself and get busy watching TV, while doing so, he or she is not interested in doing anything and gradual feeling of loss of self worth creeps in together with the sad idea of ​​ending it all with suicide sometimes.

What causes depression in some people is really unknown. One might simply notice a sudden feeling of anger and unhappiness which lasts for days and sometimes for several weeks. Bear in mind that symptoms may vary from person to person. Here are a few of these symptoms.


anxiety in depression

Worrying is normal for everyone but too much and persistence is observed in many cases of depression. Sometimes, that one would just start worrying about all the small things without any reason. This anxiety is constant and to make it worse, you can’t point to one single reason as the source of this problem.


getting easily irritated occurs in depresssion

We all get irritated sometimes but in depressed ones, it is much more. Theirs is much worse and even small things make you mad. In such a time, the person remains irritable all day, and this ruins the whole day.

Depression symptoms are different in both men and women. Women may get angry for a moment and start crying, while men may have feelings of anger for a longer time.

never get tired of caring for depressed loved ones

To some especially men, you say such women have mood swings or they are nagging. This is not true, they might just need your extra care and attention

Sleeping Problem

sleep problems when depressed

People’s sleeping habits also change due to the problem of depression. Depressed ones might neither sleep, or just wake up suddenly in the middle of the night, and then later they do not sleep again. And later when they do sleep as a result of tiredness, they fall asleep for a long time and do not wake up early.

Loss Of Self Worth

In this state, a person is continuously feeling unappetizing, guilty, and frustrated. They tend to start focusing on their past failures. And when nothing is going right in their life, then they start blaming themselves. Some youths who have a depression problem usually always consider themselves unworthy.


People with depression often lack energy, they feel exhausted. Negative thoughts always start coming to mind, and because of this, such one start feeling frustrated day and night. 

Feeling Guilty

guilt feelings in depression

Depression can also worsen a person’s mental state. They blame themselves instead of its symptoms. For such people, sentences like “I can’t do anything right” and “Everything is my fault” are common. 

Sorrow Time

Depression can often make those suffering from it cry without any reason. Moments of grief are a symptom of the problem of depression. Many times this condition occurs after a tragedy or something bad happens. 

Overeating or Loss of Appetite

While one may lose weight due to depression,other people observe that their weight increases when depressed. Why? On the one hand, many people when feeling irritable, indulge in eating a lot and eating lots of junk food and end up getting overweight. Whereas people who do not eat enough food because of loss of apetite in the state of depression often begin to lack strength and become skinny.

Loss Of Conviction

People suffering from depression start losing their interest in any work, and they are unable to find happiness in any profession. Then whether they are near their beloved or having sex, they are always depressed. 


With depression, some may have problems like restlessness, sadness, despair, and patting. Discomfort due to anxiety is one of the most common too. 

Lack of Coordination

Depressed individuals often are unable to concentrate on any work nor take decisions. They are tired, anxious, and sad, and it becomes tough for such people to do any work.

Thoughts of Suicide

comfort and encourage depressed ones

Because in times of depression, the mental health of a person can be impaired. Depressed ones might often think about their death and try to end it all once and for all by committing suicide. This might be difficult to find out but that one might mention this idea while talking casually or on social media so this needs rapt attention but the earlier this is noticed the better.

If a member of your family or a friend of yours keeps thinking more and talks alone most times or even mentions the idea of taking his or her life, understand that he/she needs some medical treatment immediately.  

Depression Solutions/Treatment

You would see a lot of tips and advice to help you or anyone you love deal with depression on this website. Many of these tips are similar in objective and practical. Let us see a few.

  1. Talk,Speak Out And Ask For Help

If you want to avoid depression, talk about it openly. Organize yourself by making small changes in everyday life.

depression solutions- open up to people you trust

For people undergoing depression, regularly talking to someone they trust or staying in touch with their loved ones can prove to be a panacea. You should openly share your problems with them and ask for their help to fight the circumstances. There is nothing like shame in this. Who will help you if not your closest people and those who love you in your times of need?

This one step goes a long way and most times if feels like sharing a burden with someone else you trust and will not let you down. At the end you will feel safe and like a big weight is off your chest. So don’t sulk or cry alone it wont help at all.

  1. Eat Healthy and Exercise Daily

A healthy and balanced diet makes the mind happy. At the same time, many scientific types of research prove that exercise is the best way to overcome depression.

  1. Rekindle Your Inner Writer
writing helps you relieve depression symptoms

It is said that if you cannot express emotions, write them with a pen in a diary. There is hardly anything better than writing a stress buster. Apart from this, writing your own helps in introspection and analysis.

People miraculously come out of depression by writing a diary. These days, blogs also have an option. You can also share your thoughts with us in the comment section. 

  1. Connect With Friends and Distance Yourself From Negative People
connecting with good friends remove negative vibes

Good friends keep your mood right. You also get the necessary sympathy from them. They listen carefully to you. In the time of depression, if anyone understands our feelings or even listens patiently, then we feel good.

Along with joining friends, you distance yourself from those who are full of negativity. Such people always work to lower the morale of others. 

  1. Review The Job

These days big things are done to keep employees happy at workplaces, but in many places, the reality is different from this. If you also feel stressed at the workplace, then review your job.

choose health over work

What causes depression sometimes may be that the job itself. It might be the cause of your anxiety, which will later become the cause of depression. If it becomes totally unbearable and is affecting your overall health and well-being, leave such a job so that you can live in peace. What is the job that is not giving you satisfaction and happiness? You can find job options in the field of your choice.  

  1. Take Regular Holidays

The same office, city, and routine are also many times a factor causing boredom, which further leads to negative thoughts and then depression. Changing the atmosphere helps to keep negative thoughts away. If you are not getting an extended holiday, then leave somewhere on the weekend. Research says that people who go on a regular holiday are much less depressed than those who work for several consecutive weeks.

  1. Sleep
good sleep gives you positive energy

A good and full night’s sleep fills us with positive energy. Studies have shown that depression symptoms are seen less often in people who sleep for 7 to 8 hours daily. So do not compromise your sleep despite how busy you might be. You cannot always cheat nature you know.

  1. Listen To Light Music
good music can get your mind off negative moods

When some people are depressed, they say they like listening to good music. This fact has been proved by many scientific types of research. So whenever you are mentally disturbed, listen to your favourite song. Maybe motivational or inspirational or whatever song refreshes your spirit

Music has an incredible power to change the mood, to get the mind out of depression. By the way, take care of one thing, do not listen to songs which are immersed in sorrow, because by doing this, your depression will reach the next level.

  1. Do Not Think About Old Things

What Causes Depression sometimes includes dwelling on the past. This most times unnecessarily increase the burden of guilt. Instead of thinking about old things, focus on today.  

  1. Do Not Distance Yourself From People

When you are depressed, the most natural and most important solution seems to be to take yourself away from the world. Because you think that no one else can understand your problem. But by cutting yourself off from people, you provide a chance for depression to flourish. We have mentioned this earlier and we are stressing it again..again and again.

If you cannot share your problem with your parents, close family or friends and anyone who will listen to you with love and care, consult a psychiatrist. This will help to get to the root of depression and overcome it. 

When To Go To The Doctor

Symptoms such as loss of mind, feeling depressed might be occasional or situational but if sadness persists for ten days a week and more, then meet your physician.

Most times the initial warning signs go unnoticed and become observed as time goes on and it becomes persistent. Nevertheless, it is usually recommended to visit a psychologist at the beginning of the problem and seek help if the challenge progresses. However, it also depends on the case to a large extent.

A Final Note

While what causes depression may be numerous, it is not an issue to be taken lightly. You can break free of depression and you can be a source of help and support to ones who have it. Learn all you need to know to help yourself and those you love.

Stay happy.

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