What is High-Functioning Depression? | Is the term needed?

This video answers the question: What is meant by the term high functioning depression? High functioning depression is not a mental disorder, but is a term used in popular culture to describe the symptoms of depression that have a minimal effect on functioning at work, at school or in social activities. It is analogous to an old mental disorder called dysthymia or dysthymic disorder, which referred to a series of depressive symptoms that were low grade and tended to last for several years. To better understand the construct, it is important to understand major depressive disorder and a disorder called persistent depressive disorder. Major depressive disorder is a chronic disorder and symptoms must be present for at least two weeks for a diagnosis. There is a list of symptoms in the criteria of symptoms in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual and here we see that five or more symptoms should be supported. One of these symptoms should be a depressed mood or less interest or pleasure in activities. We also see other symptoms associated with the disorder that include a change in weight or a change in appetite, sleep disturbances, psychomotor agitation, fatigue or loss of energy, feelings of worthlessness or inappropriate guilt, difficulty concentrating and suicidal ideas. When these symptoms occur and some other different criteria are met, someone may have a major depressive disorder. Persistent depressive disorder has a depressed mood and symptoms must be present for at least two years. In addition to depressed mood, two or more symptoms of symptom criteria must be met and we see symptoms such as lack of appetite, sleep disturbances, fatigue, decreased self-esteem, difficulty concentrating and hopelessness. We see that there is some overlap between the criteria of symptoms for PDD and MDD, but the overlap is not perfect.

Video credits to Dr. Todd Grande YouTube channel

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    What is High-Functioning Depression? | Is the term needed?

    Comments 12

    1. Great video, but my questions are a bit basic and simplistic to add any real contributive weight to this topic. Thanks Dr Grande. 😊

    2. Very informative video!
      In general, I enjoy your channel a lot, so much material of academic quality.

    3. I got my Lamictal increased and it took me out of my depression. I still have baseline depression but at least i can function daily without wanting to not be here anymore. Bipolar disorder sucks and i mostly have depression than hypomania. Im on SSDI but i can still maintain part time work and take care of my responsibilities. The key to maintaining a high functionality for me is to push myself to do things even when i dont want to. ALSO, staying clean and sober and exercising and eating right is key. This all didnt happen overnight though ive had this mood disorder since 15 and im 44 now. Thank you for your expertise Dr. Grande you are highly intelligent i dont know how you store all your knowledge much less convey it so well to the public. Its amazing.

    4. Oh, I was just diagnosed with PDD. And Schizotypal Personality Disorder, but I basically knew that already. It was nice to get confirmation of it from a professional though

    5. I was diagnosed with MDD at 16, then BP2 at 19 and most recently I’ve been told the BP2 was incorrect and I actually have PDD and GAD. It’s been hard adjusting especially since I’m no longer on medication and I’m currently on the waiting list for CBT.
      However I wanna say thank you for this video. From all the articles I’ve read and videos I’ve watched, this one has been the easiest for me to understand. I was told this all when I was recently rediagnosed but it was hard to take it all in and remember it word for word so I’m glad I’ll have this video now to reference and better articulate myself when I want to explain my mental health to others.

    6. Is it possible that living with someone who has mdp or other mental health issues impacts our own mental health?

    7. I love learning and i love your channel

      Its a high compliment from one with bpd since we seldom listen to others

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