What is ATYPICAL DEPRESSION? What does ATYPICAL DEPRESSION mean? Meaning of ATYPIC DEPRESSION – definition of ATYPICAL DEPRESSION – explanation of ATYPICAL DEPRESSION.
Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under license.
Atypical depression, or depression with atypical characteristics as known in DSM IV, is a depression that shares many of the typical symptoms of psychiatric syndromes, major depression or dysthymia, but is characterized by a better mood in response to events positive. In contrast, people with melancholic depression generally do not experience a better mood in response to normally pleasurable events. Atypical depression also presents a significant weight gain or an increase in appetite, hypersomnia, a feeling of heaviness in the limbs and sensitivity to interpersonal rejection resulting in significant social or occupational impairment.
Despite its name, "atypical" depression does not mean that it is uncommon or unusual. The reason for its name is twofold: (1) it was identified with its "unique" symptoms after the identification of melancholic depression and (2) its responses to the two different classes of antidepressants available at that time were different from the melancholic ones. depression (that is, the MAOIs had clinically significant benefits for atypical depression, while the tricyclic ones did not).
Atypical depression is two or three times more common in women than in men. People with atypical characteristics tend to report an earlier age of onset (for example, while they are in high school) of their depressive episodes, which also tend to be more chronic and only have a partial remission between episodes. Younger people may be more likely to have atypical characteristics, while older people may have episodes with melancholic characteristics. Atypical depression has a high comorbidity of anxiety disorders, carries a higher risk of suicidal behavior and has different psychopathological and biological personality traits. Atypical depression is more common in individuals with bipolar I, bipolar II, cyclothymia and seasonal affective disorder. Depressive episodes in bipolar disorder tend to have atypical characteristics, as do depression with seasonal patterns.
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