9 early symptoms of multiple sclerosis
1. vision problems
Visual problems are one of the most common symptoms of MS. The inflammation affects the optic nerve and interrupts central vision. This can cause blurred vision, double vision or loss of vision.
You may not notice vision problems right away, since the degeneration of clear vision may be slow. Pain when looking up or to the side can also accompany the loss of vision. There are several ways to cope with the vision changes related to MS.
2. Tingling and numbness
MS affects the nerves in the brain and spinal cord (the body's message center). This means that it can send conflicting signals around the body. Sometimes, no signals are sent. This results in numbness.
The sensations of tingling and numbness are one of the most common warning signs of MS. Common sites of numbness include the face, arms, legs and fingers.
3. Pain and spasms.
Chronic pain and involuntary muscle spasms are also common with MS. One study, according to the National MS Society, showed that half of people with MS had chronic pain.
Muscle stiffness or spasms (spasticity) are also common. You may experience stiffness in the muscles or joints, as well as uncontrollable and painful movements of the extremities. The legs are the most affected, but back pain is also common.
4. Fatigue and weakness.
Unexplained fatigue and weakness affect about 80 percent of people in the early stages of MS.
Chronic fatigue occurs when nerves deteriorate in the spine. Usually, fatigue appears suddenly and lasts for weeks before it gets better. The weakness is most noticeable in the legs at the beginning.
5. Balance problems and dizziness.
Dizziness and coordination and balance problems can decrease the mobility of a person with MS. Your doctor may refer to these as problems with your progress. People with MS often feel dizzy, dizzy or as if their surroundings are spinning (vertigo). This symptom often occurs when you stand up.
6. Bladder and intestinal dysfunction.
A dysfunctional bladder is another symptom that occurs in up to 80 percent of people with MS. This may include frequent urination, strong urination or inability to hold urine.
The symptoms related to urine are often manageable. Less frequently, people with MS experience constipation, diarrhea or loss of bowel control.
7. Sexual dysfunction.
Sexual arousal can also be a problem for people with MS because it starts in the central nervous system, where MS attacks.
8. Cognitive problems.
About half of people with MS will develop some type of problem with their cognitive function. This may include:
shortened attention span
difficulty in staying organized
Depression and other emotional health problems are also common.
9. Changes in emotional health.
Major depression is common among people with MS. The stress of MS can also cause irritability, mood swings and a condition called pseudobulbar. This involves episodes of uncontrollable crying and laughter.
Addressing the symptoms of MS, along with problems of a partner or family, can make depression and other emotional disorders even more challenging.
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By TAMAM HEALTH
Video credits to Tamam Health YouTube channel